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Breaking down into interchangeable pieces. For many years, software innovators have been trying to make software more like computer hardware, which is assembled from cheap, mass-produced components that connect together using standard interfaces. Component-based development (CBD) uses this approach to assemble software from reusable components within frameworks such as CORBA, Sun's Enterprise Java Beans (EJBs) and Microsoft COM. Today's service oriented architectures, based on web services, go a step further by encapsulating components in a standards-based service interface, which allows components to be reused outside their native framework. Componentization is not limited to software; through the use of subcontracting and outsourcing, it can also apply to business organizations and processes.

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